The word “nemesis,” which means “arch-enemy” is so named for the Ancient Greek goddess of retribution of the same name. Nemesis was often portrayed as winged, and brandishing a whip or dagger.
The goddess’s role in Greek mythology was to exact just punishment or blessings to people for their actions. She is the goddess who lured self-absorbed Narcissus to the pool of water where he fell in love with his own reflection, forgot to ingest food and water, and eventually died.
As you can tell, I am a serious Greek mythology nerd!